Mentor Nazarko: Why should Rama cooperate with Abazovic and promote multi-ethnic parties? – Latest news
July 01, 2021 – 16:59
Moderator: You are in fact Mr. Nazarko, raise the issue of mono-ethnic parties, which seems to have run out of time, shows the reality because parties are created to run in elections and if you did nothing in the elections, on the contrary you were going with a minus result from year to year, then indicates that you need to do something.
Nazarko: Not only. Monoethnic parties in the Balkans make sense to exist when there is high interethnic conflict. At the moment when interethnic relations relax then you should try to get votes of the other ethnicity as well. So did Zaev for example. That brought him to power. But if Zaev does, why not Mr. Ali Ahmeti, who did it in fact trying to get the vote of the Orthodox Albanians, but he did it with a kind of shyness because he was afraid that he might lose the votes of the Islamic community that is powerful there.
How can Albania affect the region?
Nazarko: Let us take the example of those who are our opponents or our rivals, Serbia. How does Serbia influence the Serbian factor in Kosovo? Through funding mainly. Vucic said, in dealing with his parliament, “we have spent 800 million euros in a year and a half in Kosovo.” Which means who gets that money, which is the Serbian list, that it is loyal to Serbia and has no reason to convince you of the state commanded by either Thaçi or Kurti. By analogy, if Albania would give money for development projects to the Albanian factor in Serbia or Montenegro, it could influence its development, but by conditioning them, through the creation of Multiparty and Civilian Bodies or Boards that administer these funds. .
But can we be compared to Serbia, because you said a little while ago in the economic context that it is an economic power in the Balkans?
Nazarko: Yes, look. The so-called National Council of Albanians in Serbia receives 100 thousand euros a year from Serbia. So, they are fighting over who gets these 100 thousand euros. Kosovo gave 500 thousand, I do not know if they ended up at the destination, or are being used for an election campaign. Albania gave 100 thousand. But, if the two states will give close to 1 million, as promised, but by conditioning the grouping of these parties, then the Albanians will really become a factor there and not just a pluralistic decorum for Vuçi.. I myself once organized with Arbër Xhaferi, a conference where the strengths of Albanians were analyzed from a geopolitical point of view. The united ethnic Albania of the beginning of the twentieth century or earlier – the lands where Albanians lived, had all the blessings of this world. They had important ports, they had fertile fields, beautiful mountains, they had lakes, they had livestock. Today we are really politically divided by borders, but if we recreate our economic and political unity, then we are impossible and we are the most important factor in the Balkans. Hence the idea of the Commonwealth of Albanians in the region.
New approach needed. Look at what happened in Montenegro for example.
Journalist: Very interesting case of Abazovic!
Nazarko: Yes. Monoethnic parties that have existed there – what have they done? The differences between the two ethnicities have increased. Albanians apart, Montenegrins apart. They do not mix with each other. They do not learn each other’s language, they do not accept the traces of each other’s autochthony. They have had a patriotic quasi-agenda, but have not dealt with the economic aspirations of the population. This kind of non-mixing, this ignoring of the economic factor, has led to the contraction, the dissolution of the Albanian factor there, their departure to the United States of America, the disappearance, or the disappearance of the Catholic minority that is there. Meanwhile, Avazovic, with a unifying, civic approach, became the most important political factor of the Albanian space outside Albania. Why? He managed, with 4 deputies, to impose his conditions on 5 points of fundamental importance in a state, which could come out of the western hearth,
Journalist: The circumstances came. Became ‘king maker’ so…
Nazarko: Yes exactly! Knowing what is the composition or political composition of the parties there, knowing that the difference between pro-Serbian and pro-western parties is small, then it is very easy for a kingmaker to decide! why the SMI in 2005 onwards did not condition the developments? So it goes without saying. Somewhere Albanians have to determine with their quantity, so with the critical mass, somewhere they determine with being a king maker and if Albania, which is the main factor, influences the Albanian subjects in a smart way, with smart unifying policies, then Albania becomes factor number 1 in the Balkans. Such an Albania is a factor that should be considered in this way by Serbia when facing Kosovo. In some regions in Kosovo, the approach prevails – “see that we will face Serbia ourselves”. What is the result of the confrontation itself? Those agreements that today are contested by Vetëvendosje, but that must be respected because if Kosovo wants to join the UN, there is a condition that is: compliance with Article 1 and Article 2 of the UN Charter…
Journalist: No, no. Ajo u chatua…
Nazarko: … You must be a constructive member of the family of states; it means to implement the agreements, not to make war; to be peaceful
Journalist: The Kosovo-Serbia agreement is key in terms of Serbia itself because Serbia is conditioned by the EU and one of the main points of Serbia’s conditionality by Brussels, the European Union, is precisely the agreement with Kosovo and it seems that Serbia in this respect is also more advantageous than other Balkan countries, thus somewhat more advanced in the process of integration into the European Union.
Nazarko: It’s not just that. Serbia has increased its specific weight because of being – of course they magnify this being a bridge between east and west – but also because of ‘flirting’, because of attracting Russian, Chinese, Turkish, Indian investment…
Journalist: French, because France has more investments in Serbia
Nazarko: France is interested today in building the Belgrade metro, an investment, it seems to me, over 1 billion euros. So in these new circumstances we can not behave towards Serbia as in the XIX century, at least to behave as in the XX century. What is happening with the dialogue is clearly the situation where Serbia has learned from its mistakes in Rambouillet where the finger of blame was placed on it, as a destructive party. Bernabiç says, for example – that she seems to have learned Vuçi fjal’s dictionary, which is in the classic Serbian style of victimization, – we want to make the agreement but those Albanians do not listen, they are destructive, they provoke us, but we will protect their interest of Serbia! Serbia in a situation like this plays optimally all that has an advantage, but we are not playing. It is precisely these frictions that occurred between Kurti and Rama that weaken our national essence. You said for example that Rama has good relations with Vucic. This is a strength, not a weakness. Rama did not achieve this good relationship by servile to Vuçiç, instead he provoked him during his visit in 2015 by saying that “you should recognize the independence of Kosovo” and with this fact he became a popular figure in Kosovo. Now Rama has a good relationship with Vucic and he is the one who called for Djukanovic to vote, a public video call, which for me was wrong but for a different reason. But whoever doubts Rama Vucic’s relationship should be reminded that Djukanovic remains Vucic’s main enemy in the Slavic-speaking area of the Balkans. We are not talking about Rama’s good relations with the Croatian Prime Minister, while their difficult relations with the Serbs are known. Today, we are in the conditions when Rama, due to being in Albanian and regional politics for a long time, due to his privilege for relations with Turkey, has maximally increased his regional power or subjectivity. But in order to reach the maximum of this subjectivity, the Albanian factor must be compact. Look at what happened, for example, at the Tirana meeting of Albanian parties in Macedonia. We as a nation determined the rotation of Macedonia. Something unique has happened in Montenegro: Abazovic, without the support of Tirana, even with Tirana against him, determined the rotation of a political force that had been in power for 30 years, determined the final anchoring to the pro-Western values of his state, such as recognition of Kosovo, non-withdrawal of recognition of Kosovo, remaining in NATO, continuation of the procedure of rapprochement with the European Union, recognition of Serbia as genocide, which was not achieved even in the Bosnian parliament. Rama must cooperate with these factors, with a new approach. He has the luxury of doing this. In the sense that having a relationship as Rama has with history, ie an attempt to leave laudable traces in history, he must approach the region and the Albanian factor with a completely new approach. / panotamaonline
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