The issue of dialogue with Serbia is not taking up much space in Kosovo’s election campaign for the February 14 elections, although from time to time some political parties are not lacking nationalist rhetoric in relation to Serbia. The response of the Serbian side is immediate.
Independent analysts say political parties in Kosovo are aware that dialogue with Serbia will be one of the first challenges the new government will face, whatever it may be. The European Union, on the other hand, says that this mediation mechanism is working for the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue to resume as soon as the new government in Kosovo is formed.
“Work on dialogue is ongoing. Miroslav Lajcak is committed to interacting with EU partners, the Western Balkan countries and the international community. “Special meetings between Kosovo and Serbia will begin after the new government is formed in Kosovo,” said EU spokesman Peter Stano.
During the election campaign in Kosovo, the candidate for the post of President of Kosovo, former Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj, during the presentation of his party’s program, said that “if the European Union continues to keep Kosovo dependent, I will pave the way for a referendum on union with Albania ”. According to him, “the oath for unification with Albania has come as a result of Brussels’ continued negligence regarding Kosovo”.
Haradinaj’s statement prompted an immediate reaction from Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic, who described Haradinaj as a “dangerous man”.
“Haradinaj is a dangerous man and a serious politician who is aiming to become president and if he is elected with the support of Albin Kurti, then they would have both the Government of Kosovo and the president who would agree to join Albania. “My answer is: you do your job, whatever you want, will we have a good and adequate answer, and the citizens have nothing to worry about”, stated Aleksandar Vuiqi,, reports the Serbian media B92.
Independent analysts say the nationalist political discourse now being used in Kosovo is a pre-election discourse. Analyst Arton Demhasaj told DW that “this kind of discourse should not be taken too seriously, because political parties use this kind of populism only to increase the number of votes.”
“The truth is that every political party that wins the election and whoever forms a coalition, the first issue they will face is the great international pressure to return to dialogue in order to close the dialogue and achieve a agreement. So, the parties are clear and this is the reason why they are not dealing much with this issue in public “, says Demhasaj.
According to him, Haradinaj’s statement for a referendum on unification with Albania – as he says – “is not a primary idea, but it can be used as a second card by Haradinaj”.
“It was precisely the dialogue with Serbia why governments have fallen so far and why they have not been sustainable,” says Demhasaj.
Analyst Naim Rashiti told DW, “Whoever comes to power, dialogue will remain a divisive topic until there is an agreement or an internal inter-institutional and inter-political political coordination. “I do not know if this will happen, because for many people they have lost hope, because all political parties and political leaders are undecided for a solution and do not have a clear agenda for dialogue with Serbia”, says Rashiti. According to him, if the political entities do not sit down together and draft a clear strategy, then “there will be no genuine dialogue and there will be no agreement with Serbia.”
Another analyst, Blerim Burjani, thinks that the dialogue with Serbia cannot take place without a stable government with supportive power in the Assembly.
“So this is a condition to have negotiations with an effective result and implementation of any agreement reached between Kosovo and Serbia. Kosovo again needs international assistance in creating a functioning government that does not fall before an agreement is reached with Serbia. “Looking at the developments in the country, it is not very promising that there will be a stable government”, says Burjani.
However, regarding the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue, the EU Charge d’Affaires for this dialogue Miroslav Laj javak, last week unveiled his plans to the representatives of European countries regarding the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue, but did not disclose the details.
“I informed the ambassadors of the European Union and the delegates of the western Balkan region about my first year and the work they have done. Also, I have unveiled my plans for the coming weeks and months. “I am very encouraged by the strong support from all EU member states,” Lajcak wrote on Twitter. / dw /