Take a fresh look at your lifestyle.


Today, for the first time in modern history, less than 6.9 million people live in Serbia, according to the data of the Republic Bureau of Statistics. The biggest problem is that fewer babies are born every year, and more and more people die.

How alarming the situation is is shown by the fact that 50 years ago, an average of about 160,000 babies were born, and today only about 61,000!

Old nation

Belgrade is the only city that in 2020 recorded a growth in population compared to the previous year, while the largest decline was registered in the Bor district.

– The worst situation is in the Zajecar district, where as many as 28.9 percent of the population is over 65, and only 11.2 percent are younger than 15. According to the data, the share of people aged 65 and over in Serbia is 21.1 percent, and only 14.3 percent are younger than 15. The largest increase in population occurred in seven Belgrade city municipalities, Novi Sad, Novi Pazar, Tutin, Presevo and Cajetina, and the largest loss in Crna Trava, Babusnica and Gadzin Han – data from the Republic Bureau of Statistics show.

For the demographic recovery of at least three children in the family

State Secretary at the Ministry of Family Care and Demography Milka Milovanović Minić says that financial allocations are an important segment in raising the birth rate, but not crucial. This is confirmed by the fact that even the richest countries in Europe do not have a positive birth rate.

– We must encourage families to have more children, for demographic recovery it is necessary for each family to have three or four children. That is the most important topic in this country! In the field, we want to find out what problems plague certain local governments, what are the specifics, to find out examples of good practice. This plan implies the joint work of all institutions on whose cooperation the results in the field of demography depend the most – she adds.

President of the Steering Committee of the project “Incentive parenting through play” prof. Dr. Slavica Đukić Dejanović explains that there are several reasons for the fact that every year we have a smaller and smaller number of inhabitants.

– We are an old nation, which is why mortality is high, migrations of inhabitants are also a problem, but also the fact that we have fewer and fewer babies. In 2020, we had as many as 55,000 fewer citizens than in 2019. I think that the coronavirus epidemic also had a very bad effect on the situation and contributed to these devastating numbers. If the epidemic had lasted shorter, I am convinced that the numbers would not have been so alarming – she says and adds:

– Fewer and fewer babies are born. Couples do not decide on offspring or postpone them. Women are increasingly opting to become mothers only in later years. We hoped that the crown would bring us a new baby boom, because we were locked in houses for a long time. And indeed, there were months when a larger number of babies were born, but that was not enough. Serbia needs an average of 2.1 children born, and in our country only 1.5 children are born per married couple! The state is doing everything in its power to fix these numbers and make it easier for parents.

Number of births and deaths in Serbia

year no. born no. of the dead

2015. 65,657 103,678
2016. 64,734 100,834
2017. 64,894 103,722
2018. 63.9975 101.655
2019. 64,399 101,458
2020. 61,692 116,850

Fewer and fewer babies

State Secretary at the Ministry of Family Care and Demography Milka Milovanovic Minic points out that improving the demographic picture in Serbia is a long-term task that the Government of the Republic of Serbia has approached strategically, by establishing this ministry and the “Serbia 2025” Plan.

– In the fifties of the 20th century, 160,000 children were born in Serbia every year, and today about 61,000! The fact that our country loses a city the size of Sabac every year, which is about 40,000 people, is also worrying. Every fifth inhabitant of Serbia is more than 65 years old, and only every seventh is less than 15 years old. All previous strategies and measures have not yielded results, and that is why our Ministry of Family Care and Demography is preparing a strategic document and we are visiting municipalities and cities in Serbia in order to work best on improving the demographic picture – says Milovanović Minić.

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