Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and disability in the world, with over 17.5 million deaths each year. The highest mortality is from ischemic heart disease (heart attack) and cerebrovascular disease (stroke).
The good news is that most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by avoiding risk factors, such as smoking, poor diet and insufficient physical activity, up to 80% of premature deaths, according to CNIPH.
Although the symptoms of a heart attack can be pronounced and clear especially in men, sometimes the body provides more complex data to show that something is wrong with the heart.
We bring some of the symptoms, but you should keep in mind that these symptoms may indicate a number of other diseases or fatigue of the body, so that the correct diagnosis is given only by a doctor.
You feel very tired
It manifests itself not only as fatigue caused by lack of sleep, but as extreme fatigue. Fatigue is similar to that of the flu, with the change never stopping.
“Many women ignore this symptom because they assume that they do not need to pay special attention to it and that it is transient,” says Suzanne Steinbaum, a cardiologist at the Cardiovascular System Institute at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York.
She explains that fatigue occurs as a result of lack of oxygen.
“The heart fights and strains to give oxygen to the body,” she said.
If this is the only symptom you have, do not immediately conclude that you have heart problems.
Your feet are swollen
Swelling of the feet can occur for a number of reasons such as pregnancy, varicose veins (which look bad but are not dangerous) or when you travel so you have limited mobility. Swollen feet can be a sign of heart failure, a chronic condition in which the heart pumps blood inefficiently.
“Swelling can also occur when the heart valve does not close normally,” says Michael Miller, a physician at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.
Miller also states that swelling can also be caused by certain medications for high blood pressure and diabetes.
“Swelling of the legs associated with the heart is usually accompanied by other symptoms that include shortness of breath and / or fatigue,” says Miller.
If you have these symptoms, be sure to see a doctor.
You feel extreme pain when you walk
If the thigh and leg muscles have cramps while climbing, walking or moving and you feel better when you are at rest, do not attribute them to age (if you are older) as it may be a sign of plaque buildup in your arteries ( peripheral arteries). It is a condition that develops gradually, until the narrowing of blood vessels leads to pain and cramps caused by lack of nutrients and oxygen.
Miller says the condition is associated with a higher risk of heart disease, but also that it is being treated very successfully.
“You feel dizzy or have a headache. This is one of those symptoms that can be associated with a variety of causes. This symptom can be caused by dehydration or sudden rise. Some other reasons are side effects of medication, inner ear problems, anemia or rare but also heart problems. “This condition can be caused by blockages in the arteries,” says Miller.
You suffocate even though you are in shape
Regardless of cycling or regular exercise, you breathe when you walk or climb stairs. It can be asthma, anemia, infection, and rarely a problem with the heart valve and its ability to pump blood.
“Accumulation of fluid that affects the left side of the heart can cause a wheezing that simulates bronchial asthma,” says Miller.
Since exercise can strengthen your heart, control this symptom so as not to interfere with your ability to exercise well.
You are depressed
Depression is one of the diseases that is affecting more and more people. Although depression is not a sign that you have a heart problem, there is evidence that it can affect. Mental well-being is related to physical well-being, many studies show that people who are depressed are at greater risk of heart problems.
“People who have multiple risk factors for heart disease or already suffer from it tend to suffer from depression,” says Steinbaum.
Depression is a credible reason why you should seek help as soon as possible.
You have migraines
Sometimes a headache is just a headache. But in some cases, it may indicate a heart abnormality. One theory suggests that migraines as well as heart disease can result from an imbalance of the nervous system.
You hear your heartbeat at night when you lie in bed
“Some patients with damaged heart valves may hear their heartbeat as they fall asleep,” says Miller. And while some patients adjust to the sound and often simply change their sleeping position so as not to hear it, that does not mean it should be ignored. If you hear a heartbeat it can be a sign of low blood pressure, low blood sugar, anemia, medication side effects, dehydration and other causes.
Sudden anxiety, sweating and nausea
Suddenly you are restless, sweaty and nauseous. These are classic symptoms of a panic attack, but they are also symptoms of a heart attack. If they are accompanied by shortness of breath (although you are not exposed to strain), extreme fatigue accompanied by fullness or chest pain that may (or may not be) felt in your back, shoulders, arms, neck or throat, call an ambulance immediately . People who arrive at the hospital within an hour of the onset of the attack are more likely to survive than those who wait.